New Mexico

Glossy Snake Arizona elegans

Common NameGlossy Snake
Scientific NameArizona elegans
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length178cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring9
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael R. Spencer

Trans-Pecos Rat Snake Bogertophis subocularis

Common NameTrans-Pecos Rat Snake
Scientific NameBogertophis subocularis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length170cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring6
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Scott Trageser

Racer Coluber constrictor

Common NameRacer
Scientific NameColuber constrictor
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length191cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring14
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Canada, Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by David Nixon

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox

Common NameWestern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus atrox
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length234cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring11
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Southeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Rock Rattlesnake Crotalus lepidus

Common NameRock Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus lepidus
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length83cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring4
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by David Nixon

Black-tailed Rattlesnake Crotalus molossus

Common NameBlack-tailed Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus molossus
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length133cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring6
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Mohave Rattlesnake Crotalus scutalatus

Common NameMohave Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus scutalatus
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length140cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael R. Spencer

Western Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis

Common NameWestern Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus viridis
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length163cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring10
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Crotalus willardi

Common NameRidge-nosed Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus willardi
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length67cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring6
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Ring-necked Snake Diadophis punctatus

Common NameRing-necked Snake
Scientific NameDiadophis punctatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length86cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, South, Canada
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael Spencer

Great Plains Rat Snake Elaphe emoryi

Common NameGreat Plains Rat Snake
Scientific NameElaphe emoryi
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length153cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring10
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Midwest, Northeast, South, Southwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael Spencer

Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake Gyalopion canum

Common NameChihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake
Scientific NameGyalopion canum
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length38cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring3
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Hog-nose Snake Heterodon nasicus

Common NameHog-nose Snake
Scientific NameHeterodon nasicus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length154cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Pretends to be dead if harassed. Photo by Randall Davis

Night Snake Hypsiglena torquata

Common NameNight Snake
Scientific NameHypsiglena torquata
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length64cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Gray-banded Kingsnake Lampropeltis alterna

Common NameGray-banded Kingsnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis alterna
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length147cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring8
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer

Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula

Common NameCommon Kingsnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis getula
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length208cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Soronoran Mountain Kingsnake Lampropeltis pyromelana

Common NameSoronoran Mountain Kingsnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis pyromelana
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length108cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Randall Davis

Milksnake Lampropeltis triangulum

Common NameMilksnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis triangulum
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length132cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring8
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South, Northwest, Canada
Photographer
Notes
Photo by David Nixon

Texas Blind Snake Leptotyphlops dulcis

Common NameTexas Blind Snake
Scientific NameLeptotyphlops dulcis
FamilySlender blind snakes
Average Length28cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Eric Isley

Western Slender Blind Snake Leptotyphlops humulis

Common NameWestern Slender Blind Snake
Scientific NameLeptotyphlops humulis
FamilySlender blind snakes
Average Length40cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxton

Sonoran Whipsnake Masticophis bilineatus

Common NameSonoran Whipsnake
Scientific NameMasticophis bilineatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length170cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring9
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael Spencer

Coachwhip Snake Masticophis flagellum

Common NameCoachwhip Snake
Scientific NameMasticophis flagellum
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length259cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring10
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Highly variable in color Photo by Michael Spencer

Striped Whipsnake Masticophis taeniatus

Common NameStriped Whipsnake
Scientific NameMasticophis taeniatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length184cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring6
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
PhotographerWilliam Flaxington
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Sonoron Coral Snake Micruroides euryxanthus

Common NameSonoron Coral Snake
Scientific NameMicruroides euryxanthus
FamilyFront Fanged Venomous
Average Length66cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Plain-bellied Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster

Common NamePlain-bellied Water Snake
Scientific NameNerodia erythrogaster
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length164cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring18
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Northeast, Midwest, South, Southwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Randall Davis

Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer

Common NameGopher Snake
Scientific NamePituophis catenifer
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length274cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest, Northeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei

Common NameLong-nosed Snake
Scientific NameRhinocheilus lecontei
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length104cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring7
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora deserticola

Common NameBig Bend Patch-nosed Snake
Scientific NameSalvadora deserticola
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length114cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring6
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Mountain Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora grahamiae

Common NameMountain Patch-nosed Snake
Scientific NameSalvadora grahamiae
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length119cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring7
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael R. Spencer

Green Rat Snake Senticolis triaspis

Common NameGreen Rat Snake
Scientific NameSenticolis triaspis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length160cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by David Nixon

Massasauga Sistrurus catenatus

Common NameMassasauga
Scientific NameSistrurus catenatus
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length100cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northeast, South, Canada
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Ground Snake Sonora semiannulata

Common NameGround Snake
Scientific NameSonora semiannulata
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length38cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Southeast, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Highly variable in color and pattern Photo by William Flaxington

Southwestern Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi

Common NameSouthwestern Black-headed Snake
Scientific NameTantilla hobartsmithi
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length31cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring2
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Matthijs Hollanders (https://www.flickr.com/photos/mhollanders)

Plains Black-headed Snake Tantilla nigriceps

Common NamePlains Black-headed Snake
Scientific NameTantilla nigriceps
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length39cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring2
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Nick Peterson

Yaqui Black-headed Snake Tantilla yaquia

Common NameYaqui Black-headed Snake
Scientific NameTantilla yaquia
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length33cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring2
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Scott Trageser

Black-necked Garter Snake Thamnophis cyrtopsis

Common NameBlack-necked Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis cyrtopsis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length114cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring10
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis elegans

Common NameWestern Terrestrial Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis elegans
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length109cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring9
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Mexican Garter Snake Thamnophis eques

Common NameMexican Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis eques
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length112cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring14
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer

Checkered Garter Snake Thamnophis marcianus

Common NameCheckered Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis marcianus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length109cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring15
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Matthijs Hollanders (https://www.flickr.com/photos/mhollanders)

Western Ribbon Snake Thamnophis proximus

Common NameWestern Ribbon Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis proximus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length127cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring13
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Midwest, Northeast, South, Southwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Plains Garter Snake Thamnophis radix

Common NamePlains Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis radix
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length110cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring29
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, Southwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Eric Vanderduys

Narrow-headed Garter Snake Thamnophis rufipunctatus

Common NameNarrow-headed Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis rufipunctatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length112cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring12
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Common Garter Snake Thamnophis sirtalis

Common NameCommon Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis sirtalis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length137cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring27
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionNorthwest, Canada, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Highly variable in color and pattern Photo by William Flaxington

Western Lyre Snake Trimorphodon biscutatus

Common NameWestern Lyre Snake
Scientific NameTrimorphodon biscutatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length167cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring12
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Lined Snake Tropidoclonion lineatum

Common NameLined Snake
Scientific NameTropidoclonion lineatum
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length57cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionMidwest, Northeast, Southwest, South
Photographer