California

Glossy Snake Arizona elegans

Common NameGlossy Snake
Scientific NameArizona elegans
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length178cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring9
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael R. Spencer

Baja Californian Rat Snake Bogertophis rosaliae

Common NameBaja Californian Rat Snake
Scientific NameBogertophis rosaliae
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length151cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring6
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Rubber Boa Charina bottae

Common NameRubber Boa
Scientific NameCharina bottae
FamilyBoas
Average Length83cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Rosy Boa Charina trivirgata

Common NameRosy Boa
Scientific NameCharina trivirgata
FamilyBoas
Average Length112cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Western Shovel-nosed Snake Chionactis occipitallis

Common NameWestern Shovel-nosed Snake
Scientific NameChionactis occipitallis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length43cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael R. Spencer

Racer Coluber constrictor

Common NameRacer
Scientific NameColuber constrictor
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length191cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring14
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Canada, Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by David Nixon

Striped Racer Coluber lateralis

Common NameStriped Racer
Scientific NameColuber lateralis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length152cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring8
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Sharp-tailed Snake Contia tenuis

Common NameSharp-tailed Snake
Scientific NameContia tenuis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length48cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Crotalus atrox

Common NameWestern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus atrox
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length234cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring11
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Southeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Sidewinder Crotalus cerastes

Common NameSidewinder
Scientific NameCrotalus cerastes
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length82cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring9
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Red Diamond Rattlesnake Crotalus ruber

Common NameRed Diamond Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus ruber
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length190cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Mohave Rattlesnake Crotalus scutalatus

Common NameMohave Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus scutalatus
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length140cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael R. Spencer

Western Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis

Common NameWestern Rattlesnake
Scientific NameCrotalus viridis
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length163cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring10
VenomExtremely Venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Wolfgang Wuster

Ring-necked Snake Diadophis punctatus

Common NameRing-necked Snake
Scientific NameDiadophis punctatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length86cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, South, Canada
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Michael Spencer

Night Snake Hypsiglena torquata

Common NameNight Snake
Scientific NameHypsiglena torquata
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length64cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Common Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula

Common NameCommon Kingsnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis getula
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length208cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Californian Kingsnake Lampropeltis getula californiae

Common NameCalifornian Kingsnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis getula californiae
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length208cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Californian Mountain Kingsnake Lampropeltis zonata

Common NameCalifornian Mountain Kingsnake
Scientific NameLampropeltis zonata
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length123cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring7
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Western Slender Blind Snake Leptotyphlops humulis

Common NameWestern Slender Blind Snake
Scientific NameLeptotyphlops humulis
FamilySlender blind snakes
Average Length40cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring5
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxton

Coachwhip Snake Masticophis flagellum

Common NameCoachwhip Snake
Scientific NameMasticophis flagellum
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length259cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring10
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSoutheast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Highly variable in color Photo by Michael Spencer

Striped Whipsnake Masticophis taeniatus

Common NameStriped Whipsnake
Scientific NameMasticophis taeniatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length184cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring6
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
PhotographerWilliam Flaxington
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Yellow-bellied Sea Snake Pelamis platurus

Common NameYellow-bellied Sea Snake
Scientific NamePelamis platurus
FamilyFront Fanged Venomous
Average Length114cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring4
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake Phyllorhynchus decurtatus

Common NameSpotted Leaf-nosed Snake
Scientific NamePhyllorhynchus decurtatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length51cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photograph William Flaxington

Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer

Common NameGopher Snake
Scientific NamePituophis catenifer
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length274cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest, Northeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Long-nosed Snake Rhinocheilus lecontei

Common NameLong-nosed Snake
Scientific NameRhinocheilus lecontei
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length104cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring7
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Todd Pierson

Western Patch-nosed Snake Salvadora hexalepis

Common NameWestern Patch-nosed Snake
Scientific NameSalvadora hexalepis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length117cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring6
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Scott Trageser

Ground Snake Sonora semiannulata

Common NameGround Snake
Scientific NameSonora semiannulata
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length38cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Southeast, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Highly variable in color and pattern Photo by William Flaxington

Southwestern Black-headed Snake Tantilla hobartsmithi

Common NameSouthwestern Black-headed Snake
Scientific NameTantilla hobartsmithi
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length31cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring2
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Matthijs Hollanders (https://www.flickr.com/photos/mhollanders)

Western Black-headed Snake Tantilla planiceps

Common NameWestern Black-headed Snake
Scientific NameTantilla planiceps
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length39cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring2
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Western Aquatic Garter Snake Thamnophis atratus

Common NameWestern Aquatic Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis atratus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length107cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Sierra Garter Snake Thamnophis couchii

Common NameSierra Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis couchii
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length120cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring21
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Thamnophis elegans

Common NameWestern Terrestrial Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis elegans
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length109cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring9
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Midwest, Northwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Giant Garter Snake Thamnophis gigas

Common NameGiant Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis gigas
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length163cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring23
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Two-striped Garter Snake Thamnophis hammondii

Common NameTwo-striped Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis hammondii
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length107cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring15
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Checkered Garter Snake Thamnophis marcianus

Common NameCheckered Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis marcianus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length109cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring15
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionSouthwest, Midwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by Matthijs Hollanders (https://www.flickr.com/photos/mhollanders)

Northwestern Garter Snake Thamnophis ordinoides

Common NameNorthwestern Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis ordinoides
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length97cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring8
VenomNon-venomous
DistributionCanada, Southwest, Northwest
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington

Common Garter Snake Thamnophis sirtalis

Common NameCommon Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis sirtalis
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length137cm
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring27
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionNorthwest, Canada, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, South
Photographer
Notes
Highly variable in color and pattern Photo by William Flaxington

Western Lyre Snake Trimorphodon biscutatus

Common NameWestern Lyre Snake
Scientific NameTrimorphodon biscutatus
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length167cm
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring12
VenomMildly Venomous
DistributionSouthwest, South
Photographer
Notes
Photo by William Flaxington